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33rd World Congress on Neurology and Neuroscience, will be organized around the theme “Breakthroughts and Achievements in Neurology and Neuroscience”
NEUROSCIENCE 2022 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in NEUROSCIENCE 2022
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Neurology is a field in medicine which deals with the study of the Nervous system and treatment of the respective disorders. The concerned areas of Neurology are the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system (PNS), brain, blood vessels, and spinal cord. Neurology is concerned to diagnose and treat the disorders of these parts of humans. The nervous system is considered a complex system that regulates body activities. Neurology count on the scientific study of the nervous system, Neuroscience.
The face and the cranium, which surround the brain, are made up of bones and cartilage that make up the skull. The base of the skull is a busy and convoluted location with numerous openings through which the spinal cord, numerous blood arteries, and nerves all travel. Noncancerous and cancerous growths, as well as anomalies on the underside of the brain, the skull base, or the top few vertebrae of the spinal canal, may be removed by skull base surgery. Skull base surgery is a form of specialty surgery that treats problems at the base of the skull. Reaching these locations without cutting through the skull and retracting the brain is a problem in skull base surgery.
Stem cell therapies hold promising future in terms of neurological treatment. Neural stem cells (NSCs) has the potential to replace lost tissue after nervous system injury. Hence, stem cells can promote host neural repair in part by secreting growth factors. Stem cells holds a great promise for treating many neurological disorders, researches showed that it can reduce the total damage to peripheral nerves and improving tissue regeneration. Neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke, and spinal cord injury are caused by a loss of neurons and glial cells in the brain or spinal cord.
Neuropharmacology refers to the study of the effects of drugs on the nervous system, this field involve the study and research on the actions of medications for psychiatric and neurologic disorders as well as those of drugs of abuse. Neuropharmacology also uses drugs as tools for better understanding of normal nervous system functioning. The main objective of neuropharmacology is to apply mechanisms of drugs to develop effective treatments and preventive measures for nervous system abnormalities. It helps to understand how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system. Behavioral and molecular are the two different parts of neuropharmacology . Behavioral neuropharmacology focuses on the study of how drugs affect human behavior and molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, with an aim of developing drugs that helps in improving neurological function.
The use of electrophysiological technologies to monitor the functional integrity of particular brain regions during surgery is known as intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) or intraoperative neuromonitoring. During the procedure, various intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring techniques evaluate the function of the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cranial nerves, and peripheral nerves. They are extremely useful in detecting and preventing brain injury. Intraoperative monitoring is increasingly commonplace in medical practise, and it's used to assess the risk of brain impairment during a variety of surgical operations. IONM makes use of a wide range of physiological principles, each with its own set of applications that are frequently combined in the same procedure to improve patient outcomes.
Robotics is a fast-moving discipline that is changing neurosurgery in combination with breakthroughs in artificial intelligence and machine learning. Robotic surgery has the potential to eliminate mechanical errors, save operating hours, and give the same or better resective margins than minimal-access surgery. This will result in great surgical outcomes with the fewest possible problems. Because of the physical complexity of the brain and the space limits inherent in neurosurgical procedures, we can observe some encouraging steps in this direction, but there is still a long way to go. The NeuroMate robot was the first FDA-approved robotic equipment intended exclusively for neurosurgery usage.
Operations on the bones, discs, and soft tissues of the spine with the goal of reducing pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots, or the removal of masses inside the spine, are referred to as spinal neurosurgery. Pressure on the lower spinal nerve roots in the lumbar spine or the upper spinal nerve roots in the cervical spine is the most common reason for considering spinal neurosurgery. This frequently occurs in the foramen, which is the region where the nerves exit the spine and are held. Spinal stenosis is a word used to describe an issue that occurs in the space known as the central canal.Unfortunately, resecting masses from around the spinal cord or within the dura itself is another rationale for spinal neurosurgery. These masses may not be cancerous, but because they can compress the spinal cord, they are frequently treated using spinal neurosurgery.
Points within the brain are located using an external, three-dimensional frame of reference, usually based on a Cartesian coordinate system, in functional neurosurgery. Because the disease paradigms handled in functional neurosurgery are continually changing and evolving, it stands out among other neurosurgical disciplines. The basic idea is that functional neurosurgery does not necessarily treat a structural issue, but rather alters central nervous system circuits to bring about a change within or outside the nervous system. This is a strong indication of the breadth of functional neurosurgery's use. Movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia have been transformed through functional neurosurgery.
Headache is describes as a painful sensation in any part of the head, the pain can be dull or sharp and it may also occur with other symptoms. Headache and facial pain are common complaints in OPD facilities. Headaches are treated with medication, stress management and biofeedback.Trigeminal neuralgia is the most common term associated with a chronic facial pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from face to brain. Trigeminal neuralgia pain most commonly affects only one side. Primary headaches are those that aren’t due to any underlying medical condition. It includes Migraine,New daily persistent headaches (NDPH),Tension headaches.
Neuropsychiatry is an integral part of medicine and science which deals with mental disorders related to the nervous system. Neuropsychiatry is to study neurology and psychiatry in an integrated form. Neuropsychiatry is growing far from other fields of psychiatry and it is also interconnected with behavioral neurology and neuropsychology.Neuropsychiatry helps the neuroscience field and is helping to give a better understanding of the psychiatry and neurological disorders in order to treat them in a far better way.
Neuroimaging is an essential part of diagnosis and to study in the area of Neurology and Neuroscience. It is an addition to a clinical and cognitive evaluation in the assessments of cognitive, behavioral and neurological disstem mainly the brain and spinal cord.Neuroradiologists are the one who specializes in neuroimaging techniques. Neuroimaging or brain imaging is a new discipline in medicine, neuroscience, and psychology to study the changes during various neurological and psychological conditions.
Case studies can be defined as the intensive study of any particular individual, community or group in which the researcher analyses several variables to derive a conclusion. Case studies are the best way to study any particular field by getting a practical overview of the respective case. Case studies do not have any set of procedures to follow. It helps another person to gain practical knowledge and help them to enhance or improve their own ability to perform the same task with better precision.